The history of Shaolin Kung Fu and Songshan area historical geographical environment inseparable. Songshan area is the most important cradle of ancient civilization. Songshan, called " Song High Mountain”, mountains for columns, since ancient times known as God Mountain. Since in India Han Chinese Buddhism and Taoism, Songshan and soon become the country's famous Zen monastic site. The Shaolin Temple and the Shaolin Kung Fu, is the outstanding representative of the history and culture of Songshan.
Shaolin Kung Fu history, can be traced directly to Shaolin Temple to create the. Northern Wei Tai, India monk Ba Tuo to China from the western regions, due to his mastery of Zen by Wei Emperor Xiaowen, Chongxin. Northern Wei Wo nineteen years (495), with the order of Emperor Xiaowen moved the capital to Luoyang. Ba Tuo "academic static perturbation", "sex", the habitat "repeatedly to Songyue", then, for Emperor Xiaowen of Ba Tuo Shaoshi mountain temple in Songshan, "the public to suit for the". Because the temple is located in the northern jungle Shao Shi Mountain, named Shaolin Temple. Clear? "Said the king Rizhen song" said: "Shaolin, Shaolin Lin also."
Ba Tuo in Shaolin Temple to teach Theravada meditation, belonging to the India traditional Tibetan meditation. The original form of belief -- Meditation Shaolin Kung Fu, is the founder of Shaolin Temple India monk Ba Tuo brought. It has a monk Chou, Hui Guang, Tao House, is a famous monk. The monk Chou Chan Ba Tuo to world, be known as "the east of the self, the zen". Chou monk meditation signs, the Shaolin Kung Fu - belief -- divinity belief has produced profound influence. Because Songshan was the religious center of meditation, the special relationship with the Emperor Xiaowen Ba Tuo plus, so the sequence of disciples and disciple, become an important elite group that Zen, great influence on later development of buddhism.
In 508 ad, India monk Lenamoti and bodhiruci, went to Shaolin Temple, India Sejong common translation ten by the theory of "Bodhisattva", after three years, completed the world bank, effectively promoted the development of northern zen. In the meantime, and South India monk Bodhi Damour, from the sea to South China Sea, and then crossing the Yangtze River north into the Central Plains, mountain in Shaolin Temple area meditation ascetic pass. Damour preached Zen "Mahayana wall view". It is Hui Ke, the deputy, education etc.. The two Zhengzhou to Damour for the law, "Li Xue Brokeback" legend, become an important source of spiritual learning Shaolin Kung fu. Later, there are a lot of India Shaolin Temple monks to teach meditation, form the initial form of divine belief and meditation the Shaolin Kung Fu belief.
Sui Wendi Buddha worship, in kaihuang reign (581 - 600) was given to the Shaolin Temple land one hundred hectares. The early years of the Sui Dynasty, because the emperor reward, Shaolin Temple became has many farms and large temple produces the great temple. Sui Dynasty (618), the loss of government, warlords abounded, great disorder under heaven, has a huge temple Shaolin Temple, became the "bandit" against robbery targets, "monks refused, Tayuan burned". In order to protect the temple, Shaolin Temple monks organized armed forces and bandit combat soldiers, Shaolin Kung Fu Shaolin Temple as the armed forces initially formed.
Tang Wude two years (619), Sui emperor general Wang Shichong in Luoyang, "Zheng Guo no.". His nephew Wang Ren occupy Shaolin Temple is cypress Valley Wu, Jian Yuan chow. Wude four years (621), Shaolin Temple Tan Pope, thirteen monks, David Wang Ren, seized the city, to the emperor Li Shimin. Three days later, Li Shimin sent a special envoy to the Shaolin Temple monk Xuan Wei, the per capita by Pope Fengshang, also called general monk, and give the Shaolin Temple cypress Valley Wu fields for forty years. Shaolin Temple since then to Wu Yong is well known in the world. Shaolin monks martial arts become a common practice, be handed down from age to age.
And Shaolin Temple formed armed forces corresponding to a Buddism godness Guanyin Bodhisattva, Luo that may force as the core of the Yin Kong God belief began to pop, and lasted to fourteenth Century the end of the yuan dynasty. Shaolin Kung Fu to meditation as the core of the traditional divine belief, still spread unabated. Shaolin Temple is the Zen center. Tang Hongdao the first year (683), Damour Chan Chan sect leader system important method such as Jackson into the Shaolin Temple mission, six years after he died in Shaolin Temple. The famous master such as Hui An, Yuan GUI Ling Yun, etc., which are in the Shaolin Temple, tin. A famous monk master Xuan Zang (600 - 664) has two times on the table, the request into the Shaolin Temple meditation, but not allowed to. Xinluo monk Hui Zhao (774 - 850) Yu Yuan and five years (810) into the Shaolin Temple meditation for many years, in 830 years to build the Yuquan temple, died the title "really in the".
The late Tang and Five Dynasties, because Wu Zong "Huichang Buddha" and war and other social factors, Shaolin Temple hit. But as Damour initiated Zen sect flourished and became the largest Chinese Buddhist sects, especially in the Song Dynasty (Tenth Century), Shaolin Temple became the Zen sect in the Holy land. In order to commemorate Damour, mountain in Shaolin Temple Damour once meditation preaching place, build Chu Zu Um, and the establishment of the "wall of tall tower". With the establishment of Zen teachings prevalent and Shaolin Temple Zuting position, belief content and quality of Shaolin Kung Fu had new development again, "Zen Wu one" began to become the mainstream ideology of Shaolin Kung fu.
Jinyuan two dynasties (1127 - 1368) is a northern minorities in Han Dynasty, although both respect for Buddhism, but the rule of the Han folk armed forces to repression, Shaolin Temple is no exception. Shaolin Temple as the Zen sect Zuting, still important, Chan Sheng long. Especially during the Yuan Dynasty (1279 - 1368), the Zen sect leader important tribe of Cao Dongzong Fu Yu Zen abbot of Shaolin Temple, Cao Dong patriarchal veins return ancestor court, a galaxy of talents, thus opening Shaolin Temple Zen monks come forth in large numbers, the most brilliant era after more than a hundred years, the Chinese Zen Center during the period of religious sect. During the period of Fu Yu abbot of Shaolin Temple, also founded the monastery of patriarchal head system, the Shaolin Temple monks are regarded Shaolin Temple as the home, became the Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644) an important basis of Shaolin Kung Fu martial arts martial level rise and system, the.