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Shaolin Kung Fu History 2

2011-8-8

Shaolin Kung Fu History 2

  The Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) was established in the Han Chinese in the war against the mongols. So, in the cold weapon era of the Ming Dynasty, the folk martial arts atmosphere prevailing. This is the formation of Shaolin Kung Fu martial arts martial perfection and system level, the environment. The Ming Dynasty nearly three hundred years, is the Shaolin Kung Fu martial arts level development period. The monks of the Shaolin Temple at least six times by the court requisition plan, participate in the official war, repeated construction feats, many times by the court awards, and in the Shaolin Temple tree monument square repair the temple. Shaolin Kung Fu has been tested in actual combat, Shaolin Kung Fu is renowned far and wide, thus established the Shaolin Kung Fu in the authority of national martial arts circles. Shaolin Kung Fu Monks of Shaolin Temple in the area (Henan, Shandong, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Yunnan etc.) and travel area (Henan Funiu Mountain, Sichuan Yunnan Jizu mountain Mount Emei, etc.) of the occurrence and development of martial arts, have a profound influence. Shaolin Kung Fu martial arts, also reached a hitherto unknown level, has been generally recognized peers and the whole society.

  Shaolin Kung Fu belief patterns have changed in the Ming dynasty. Masanori twelve years (1517), the abbot of the Shaolin Temple, since the Tang Dynasty to a Buddism godness Guanyin Bodhisattva Phil Jackson would force as the core of the Yin Kong belief in God, into kinnara king of Shaolin Temple Club Wu Sheng belief, we can explain the Shaolin Kung Fu, and motivate the Shaolin Temple monk martial arts.

  The Ming Dynasty was a period of great development of Shaolin Kung fu. In the heart to the end of Ming Dynasty (15061644), Shaolin Temple is a martial arts communication space of the country's most important. There exist at least 10 martial arts system or school.

  At the same time, in addition to teach by precept and example form transmission Shaolin Kungfu, martial arts and theory has been an unprecedented development, writing of the fan, is now unable to statistics. The spread so far there are four important martial arts works: Ming Hong to release "dream", a green hall marksmanship Zong Yu "Shaolin staff Zong", Qing Wu Shu "recorded" arm and Qing Zhang Kong Zhao "fist boxing".

   Ming Wanli nine years (1581) Wang Shixing "Song travels", the Shaolin Temple monks to "more than 800 monks" scale. According to Shaolin Temple, patriarchal clan head system, in addition to the Shaolin Temple often is hospitalized the Deacon monk outside, other monks are scattered throughout the patriarchal head. Basic principles of Buddhist organizations is wandering system, the core content, is also the free right of monks import. But inside the door structure of patriarchal Shaolin Temple, the monks relations is a single and relatively stable, they must strictly abide by the inheritance system. Except for special reasons, the frequent movement of the monks will not. Shaolin Temple the patriarchal head system is double open and stable, the heritage and development of Shaolin Kung Fu, especially the formation of Shaolin Kung Fu system and the school, has played a very important role in.

  Later rulers establishing political power, and gold, two yuan of Han in the same implementation of suppression policy, no Chinese martial arts. War affected, the Shaolin Temple monks dimensions narrows gradually. Because the relationship with the Ming Dynasty palace closely and its great position in National Wushu circles, Shaolin Temple soon in the Qing Dynasty under strict surveillance. Yong Zheng thirteen years (1735), direct instructions to rectify the Sejong Shaolin Temple patriarchal head, re planning of Shaolin Temple architectural pattern. Nevertheless, the monks of the Shaolin Temple during the day as usual after class meditation, but the night stick in Shaolin Temple the most hidden Temple -- the thousand Buddha Temple, martial arts does not stop, and the ground because of long-term exercise force formed pit, still remains. From the white temple murals and literature, Shaolin Kung Fu in the Qing Dynasty, is still maintained a high level of. In private, Shaolin Kung Fu has been deified, and even the development of folk sects (will) is an important part of ideology and the spiritual pillar. Such as Shandong "in science teaching," the north "Shaolin", "Sichuan Shaolin green bishop" and the "heaven and earth" etc.. Circulating in Shaolin Temple and Shaolin Kung Fu, away from the temple buddhist environment, lack of organization and system guarantee long-term stability, cultural function inevitably practice Shaolin Kung Fu and the purpose of the Shaolin Kung Fu to variation. And it is only in the roots and development of Shaolin Kung Fu Culture Space -- Shaolin Temple, it inherited a relatively complete.

  During the period of Republic of China (19111949), suffered a major fire Shaolin Temple human. In 1928, warlord, to Shaolin Temple, the main hall, Jing Lou and other important buildings and collections, are burned, suffered heavy losses. Shaolin Temple further decline, Shaolin Kung Fu is also at risk.

  1949 - the land reform (before), Shaolin Temple often is hospitalized 82 monks, after only 16 people. Especially during the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976), monks to transformation, cultural relics were destroyed, classics diaspora, Shaolin Temple is fading. Until the early nineteen eighties, the government issued a new policy on religion, the religious life back. At the same time, departments at all levels of attention, the Shaolin Kung Fu Classics Collection, identification, collation and publication work has been launched on a large scale. Shaolin Kung Fu is slowly raised.


Shaolin Kung Fu History 1

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